Human Remains

Several  human remains have been identified in the early Pleistocene deposits of Cueva Victoria.

  1. The best known is a second phalanx from the fifth finger. The bone is almost complete and has been published at the following international journals:
        Human Evolution
    , Vol.4, 1989;
        Journal of Archaeological Science
    . Vol 23, 1995.
    The classification of this bone as human has been done following anatomical and morphometric criteria based in the study of the cortical. Humans have free hands but Cercopithecides use them to walk, this fact determinates the differences in the distribution of cortical in the phalanx of these two species. We used X-ray for this study which permits to separate the distribution of the cortical between humans and cercopithecides. In summary: to classify this fossil we have considered both the internal and external structure.

  2. The second human fossil is a incisor very eroded published in El Cuaternario de España y Portugal. Instituto Tecnológico y Geominero de España 1993.

  3. And finally there is a fragment of femur which is at present under study.

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